Game Guide American

About Rifles for Big Game North America

There are literally thousands of bullet and caliber combinations that can be effectively used to take a wide spectrum of big game, and there are entire books dedicated to the subject.

The purpose of this chart is to provide the big game hunter with a comprehensive selection of widely available calibers and loads for individual North American big game species. Obsolete cartridges, limited availability proprietary cartridges and those which have not gone into wide use have been omitted. Bullet weight and construction favor heavy-for-caliber loads with high cross-sectional densities and ballistic coefficients. Consideration was given to the distances at which game is typically taken, the anatomy of the trophy and the energy needed to penetrate the vital organs to make a clean kill. Selections were made using a combination of practical experience, ballistics reference tables and published works by recognized subject matter experts.

If you have questions about what caliber and cartridge to take on your next big game adventure, we encourage you to visit us at Griffin & Howe at Hudson Farm and talk with one of our experts.

Trophy Animal

Caliber

Bullet Weight

Bullet Type

Groundhog and Prarie Dog

Caliber

.22 Hornet
.204 Ruger
.222 Remington
.223 / .5.56 mm
.220 Swift
.22-250 Remington
.243 Winchester
6mm Remington
240 Weatherby

Bullet Weight

35gr - 45gr
32gr -34 gr
40g - 50gr
40gr - 55gr
40g -55gr
40gr - 55gr
75gr -80gr
75g - 80gr
85gr

Bullet Type

HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
Fox and Coyote

Caliber

.204 Ruger
.222 Remington
.223 / .5.56 mm
.220 Swift
.22-250
.243 Winchester
6mm Remington
240 Weatherby
.257 Roberts
.25-06 Remington

Bullet Weight

32gr - 34 gr
50gr
50gr - 70gr
60gr
60gr
75gr -80gr
"75gr, 80 gr"
85gr
75gr
75gr

Bullet Type

HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
HP; SP; BT
Mountain Lion

Caliber

.30-30 Winchester
.35 Remington
.44 Magnum

Bullet Weight

150gr
200gr
240gr

Bullet Type

RN; FP
RN
HP; FP
Pronghorn

Caliber

.243 Winchester
6mm Remington
.240 Weatherby
.257 Roberts
.25-06 Remington
.257 Weatherby
6.5 Creedmoor
6.5 PRC
.260 Remington
.264 Winchester
.270 Winchester
.270 WSM
7mm Remington Magnum

Bullet Weight

100gr
100gr
100gr
117gr
117gr -120gr
115gr -120gr
140gr
140gr
120gr
140gr
130gr
130gr
150gr

Bullet Type

Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Whitetail Deer (Woodland)

Caliber

.270 Winchester
7x57 mm Mauser
.30-30 Winchester
.30-06 Springfield
.308 Winchester
.35 Remington

Bullet Weight

140gr
145gr -150gr
130gr
165gr
165gr
200gr

Bullet Type

Partition; BT
Partition; BT
RN; FP
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
RN
Whitetail Deer / Mule Deer (Open Terrain)

Caliber

.257 Roberts
.25-06 Remington
.257 Weatherby
6.5 Creedmoor
6.5 PRC
.260 Remington
.264 Winchester
.270 Winchester
.270 WSM
7x57mm
7mm Remington Magnum
.280 Remington
.30-06 Springfield
.308 Winchester
.300 H&H
.300 Win Mag
.300 WSM
.325 WSM

Bullet Weight

120gr
120gr
120gr
140gr
140gr
140gr
140gr
140gr
130gr - 150gr
140gr-175gr
140gr - 175gr
140gr - 170gr
150gr - 180gr
150gr - 180gr
150gr - 180gr
150gr - 180gr
150gr - 180gr
200gr - 220gr

Bullet Type

Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Black Bear

Caliber

.30-06 Springfield
.308 Winchester
.300 H&H
.300 Win Mag
.300 WSM
.300 Weatherby
.325 WSM
.338 Federal
.338 Winchester
.35 Whelan
.35 Remington
.44 Magnum
.45-70 Govt

Bullet Weight

180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
200gr - 220gr
180gr - 210gr
225gr - 250gr
180gr - 250gr
200gr
240gr - 300gr
300gr

Bullet Type

Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
RN; FP
RN; FP
RN; FP
Wild Boar

Caliber

.30-06 Springfield
.308 Winchester
.300 H&H
.300 Win Mag
.300 WSM
.300 Weatherby
.325 WSM
.338 Federal
.338 Winchester
.35 Whelan
.35 Remington
.44 Magnum
.45-70 Govt

Bullet Weight

180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 220gr
200gr - 220gr
180gr - 210gr
225gr - 250gr
180gr - 250gr
200gr
240gr - 300gr
300gr

Bullet Type

Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
RN; FP
RN; FP
RN; FP
Caribou

Caliber

.30-06 Springfield
.308 Winchester
.300 H&H
.300 Win Mag
.300 WSM
.300 Weatherby
.325 WSM
.338 Federal
.338 Winchester
.35 Whelan

Bullet Weight

180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 220gr
180gr - 210gr
225gr - 250gr
180gr - 250gr
200gr

Bullet Type

Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Elk and Red Stag

Caliber

.30-06 Springfield
.308 Winchester
.300 H&H
.300 Win Mag
.300 WSM
.300 Weatherby
.325 WSM
.338 Federal
.338 Winchester
.35 Whelan
.45-70 Govt

Bullet Weight

180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 220gr
180gr - 210gr
225gr - 250gr
180gr - 250gr
200gr
300gr

Bullet Type

Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
RN; FP
Moose

Caliber

.30-06 Springfield
.308 Winchester
.300 H&H
.300 Win Mag
.300 WSM
.300 Weatherby
.325 WSM
.338 Federal
.338 Winchester
.35 Whelan
.45-70 Govt

Bullet Weight

180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 220gr
180gr - 210gr
225gr - 250gr
180gr - 250gr
200gr
300gr

Bullet Type

Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
RN; FP
Mountain Goats

Caliber

6.5 PRC
.264 Winchester
.270 Winchester
.270 WSM
.270 Weatherby
7mm Remington Magnum
.300 Win Mag
.300 WSM
.300 Weatherby
.325 WSM
.338 Winchester

Bullet Weight

140gr
120gr
140gr
130gr
130gr
150gr
150gr - 180gr
150gr - 180gr
150gr - 180gr
180gr - 220gr
225gr - 250gr

Bullet Type

Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Wild Sheep

Caliber

6.5 PRC
.264 Winchester
.270 Winchester
.270 WSM
.270 Weatherby
7mm Remington Magnum
.300 Win Mag
.300 WSM
.300 Weatherby
.325 WSM
.338 Winchester

Bullet Weight

140gr
120gr
140gr
130gr
130gr
150gr
150gr - 180gr
150gr - 180gr
150gr - 180gr
220gr
225gr - 250gr

Bullet Type

Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Brown Bears

Caliber

.300 Win Mag
.300 WSM
.300 Weatherby
.325 WSM
.338 Winchester
.35 Whelan
.375 H&H
.375 Ruger
"45-70 Govt"
.416 Remington
.458 Winchester

Bullet Weight

200gr
200gr
200gr - 220gr
220gr
225gr - 250gr
250gr
300gr - 350gr
300gr
300 GR
400gr
400 gr

Bullet Type

Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
Partition
Partition; BT
Partition; BT
RN; FP
RN
RN
Muskox

Caliber

.30-06 Springfield
.308 Winchester
.300 H&H
.300 Win Mag
.300 WSM
.300 Weatherby
.325 WSM
.338 Federal
.338 Winchester
.35 Whelan

Bullet Weight

180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 200gr
180gr - 220gr
180gr - 210gr
225gr - 250gr
180gr - 250gr
180gr - 250gr

Bullet Type

Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
American Bison

Caliber

.300 Win Mag
.300 WSM
.300 Weatherby
.325 WSM
.338 Winchester
.35 Whelan
.375 H&H
.375 Ruger
.45-70 Govt
.416 Remington
.458 Winchester

Bullet Weight

200gr
200gr
200gr - 220gr
220gr
225gr - 250gr
250gr
300gr - 350gr
300gr
300gr
400gr
400 gr

Bullet Type

Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
Partition
RN; FP
RN
RN

Bullet Type Abbreviation Key

RN Round Nose

FP Flat Point

BT Ballistic Tip

HP Hollow Point

SP Soft Point

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